Dr. Alice Eagly
Northwestern University

Gender stereotypes have changed but the changes are surprising

Given women’s large-scale entry into paid labor and their growing educational advantage over men as well as men’s increasing domestic labor, a plausible prediction is that the classic gender stereotypes of female communion and male agency are moving toward androgyny. However, a meta-analysis that integrated 16 nationally representative U.S. opinion polls on gender stereotypes extending from 1946 to 2018 found quite different results. Interpretation of these findings emphasizes the origins of gender stereotypes in the social roles of women and men.