Robert Gardner

Dr. Robert Gardner

Professor Emeritus - Social and Personality


  • Bio

  • Publications

  • Research

Biographical Information

B.A. - University of Alberta, 1956
M.A. - McGill University, 1958
Ph.D. - McGill University, 1960

Selected Publications

Gardner, R. C. (2002). Social psychological perspectives in second language acquisition. In R. Kaplan (Ed.), The Oxford handbook of applied linguistics . Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, pp. 160-169.

Gardner, R. C. (2001). Integrative motivation and second language acquisition. In Z. Dornyei & R. Schmidt (Eds.), Motivation and second language acquisition . Honolulu, HI: The University of Hawaii, Second Language Teaching and Curriculum Center, pp. 1-19.

Gardner, R. C. (2001). Psychological Statistics using SPSS for Windows . Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall. Tremblay, P. F., Gardner, R. C., & Heipel, G. (2000). A model of the relationships among measures of affect, aptitude and performance in introductory statistics. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 32 , 40-48.

Gardner, R. C. (2000). Correlation, causation, motivation, and second language acquisition. Canadian Psychology, 41 , 10-24.

MacDonald, P. L., & Gardner, R. C. (2000). Type I error rate comparisons of post hoc procedures for I x J Chi-square tables. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 60 , 735-754.

Gardner, R. C., Masgoret, A.-M., & Tremblay, P. F. (1999). Home background characteristics and second language learning. Journal of Language and Social Psychology, 18 , 419-437.


I am a member of two areas in our department. My major interest in Personality is with individual differences and their relation to behaviours associated with ethnic relations, primarily the acquisition of second (or foreign) languages. My research in Measurement is concerned with applied issues in the measurement of such variables as attitudes, motivation and language anxiety and with issues in statistics and measurement.

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