Graham Reid

Dr. Graham Reid

Clinical Science and Psychopathology

Email: greid@uwo.ca
Office: WH 319 East
Tel: 519-661-2111 ext. 84677
Curriculum Vitae

  • Bio

  • Publications

  • Research

  • Research Lab

Biographical Information

I am an Associate Professor with a Joint Appointment in the Departments of Psychology (50%) and Family Medicine (50%), University of Western Ontario (1999 - Present) and a cross-appointment in the Department of Paediatrics (2007-present). I am a member of the Clinical Area in Psychology and the Centre for Studies in Family Medicine. I also hold an appointment as a scientist in the Children’s Health and Therapeutics Program at the Children's Health Research Institute.

EDUCATION:
H.B.A (Psychology) - University of Western Ontario (1984-1988)
M.A. (Clinical Psychology) - Bowling Green University (1988-1991)
Ph.D. (Clinical Psychology) - Bowling Green University (1991-1993)
Post-doctoral Fellowship - IWK-Grace Health Centre and Dalhousie University (1993-1996)

RESEARCH AND TEACHING POSITIONS:
Associate Director - Pediatric Pain Research Laboratory, IWK-Grace Health Centre (1995-1996)
Psychologist - Department of Psychology, The Toronto Hospital (1996-1999)
Staff Scientist - Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, University Health Network (1998-2006)
Assistant Professor - Public Health Sciences & Medicine (Division of Cardiology), University of Toronto (1998-present)
Assistant Professor - Joint appointment in the Departments of Psychology (50%) and Family Medicine (50%) , University of Western Ontario (1999-2005)
Associate Scientist - Children's Health Research Institute, London Health Sciences Centre (2000-2007)
Affiliated Scientist - Toronto General Research Institute, Behavioral Science and Health Division, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario (2000-2006)
Bill & Anne Brock Family Professor in Child Health - Departments of Psychology and Family Medicine, University of Western Ontario (2001-2006)
Scientist - Children’s Health Research Institute, London, Ontario (2007-present
Scientist - Lawson Health Research Institute, London, Ontario (2007-present)
Associate Professor - Joint appointment in the Departments of Psychology (50%) and Family Medicine (50%) , University of Western Ontario (2005-present); Cross-appointment, Department of Paediatrics (2007-present)

CLINICAL PRACTICE:
Psychology Intern - Department of Psychology, Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario (1992-1993)
Psychologist - Department of Psychology, Pediatrics Division, Izaak Walton Killam Children's Hospital (1994-1995)
Psychologist - Department of Psychology, Nova Scotia Rehabilitation Centre & Victoria General Hospital (1996)
Psychologist - Departments of Psychology and Medicine (Division of Cardiology), The Toronto Hospital (1996-1999)
Psychologist - Private Practice (1994-present)

Selected Publications

Recent Articles:

1) ACCESSING AND USING HEALTH AND MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES

1A) Access to care & related topics

Schraeder, K. & Reid,G.J. (2015) Why wait? The effect of wait-times on subsequent help-seeking among families looking for children’s mental health services. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology; 43 (3), 553-565. DOI: 10.1007/s10802-014-9928-z.

Waddell, C.; Georgiades, K.; Duncan, L.; Comeau, J.; Reid,G.J.; O’Briain, W.; Lampard, R.; & Boyle, M. (2019). 2014 Ontario Child Health Study Findings: Policy Implications for Canada. The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 64 (4), 227-231.

Boyle, M., Duncan, L., Georgiades, K., Comeau, J., Reid,G.J., O’Briain, W., Lampard, R., & Waddell, C. (2019). Tracking Children’s Mental Health in the 21st Century: Lessons from the 2014 OCHS. The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 64 (4), 232-236. 

Dossett, K.W. & Reid,G.J. (2020). Predicting dropout from children’s mental health services: Using a need-based definition of dropout. Child Psychiatry and Human Development,51, 13-26. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10578-019-00906-4 

Duncan,L, Georgiades,K., Reid,G.J., Comeau, J., Birch,S.,Wang,L., & Boyle,M.H. (2020). Area-level variation in children’s unmet need for community-based mental health services: Findings from the 2014 Ontario Child Health Study. Administration and Policy in Mental Health, 47(5) 665-679.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10488-020-01016-3 

Gardner, W.; Nicholls, S.G.; Reid,G.J.; Hutton, B.; Hamel, C.; Sikora, L.; Salamatmanesh, M.; Duncan, L.; Georgiades, K.; Gilliland, J. (2020) A Protocol for a Scoping Review of Equity Measurement in Mental Health Care for Children and Youth. Systematic Reviews. Oct 7;9(1):233. doi: 10.1186/s13643-020-01495-3 

Sarmiento, C. & Reid,G.J.  (2022) Mental health walk-in clinics for children and families: A provincial survey. Advances in Mental Health, DOI: 10.1080/18387357.2022.2032777 

Sarmiento, C. & Reid,G.J.  (in press, 2022) Levels of care: A scoping review of conceptualizations in child and adolescent mental health services. Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders

1B) Patterns of Services Use & Transition to Adult Care

Barwick, M., Urajnik, D., Sumner, L., Cohen,S., Reid,G.J., & Engel, K. (2013). Profiles and service utilization for children accessing a mental health walk-in clinic versus usual care. Evidence Based Social Work, 10 (4), 338-352doi: 10.1080/15433714.2012.663676.

Reid,G.J., Stewart, S., Zaric, G.S., Carter, J., Neufeld, R.W.J., Tobon, J.I., Barwick, M., & Vingilis, E.R. (2015) Defining episodes of care in children’s mental health using administrative data.  Administration and Policy in Mental Health; 42 (6) 737-747. DOI 10.1007/s10488-014-0609-6. 

Schraeder, K. & Reid,G.J.  (2016) Who should transition? Defining a target population of youth with depression and anxiety that will require adult mental health care. Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research, 44 (2), 316-330. doi: 10.?1007/?s11414-015-9495-2. 

Schraeder, K., Brown, J.B, & Reid,G.J. (2018). I think he will have it throughout his whole life: Parent and youth perspectives about childhood mental health problems. Qualitative Health Research, 28(4), 548-560.  doi: 10.1177/1049732317739840 

Schraeder, K.E.; Brown, J.B.; & Reid,G.J. (2018). Perspectives on monitoring youth with ongoing mental health problems in primary health care: Family Physicians are "Out of the Loop". Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research, 45 (2), 219-236. doi: 10.1007/s11414-017-9577-4 

Reid,G.J., Stewart S.L., Barwick M., Carter J., Leschied A., Neufeld R.W.J., St. Pierre J., Tobon J., Vingilis E., & Zaric G. (2019) Predicting patterns of service utilization within children’s mental health agencies. BMC Health Services Research, Dec 23;19(1):993. DOI: 10.1186/s12913-019-4842-2

Schraeder, K.E., Brown, J.B., & Reid,G.J. (2019). An exploratory study of children’s mental health providers’ perspectives on the transition to adult care for young adolescents in the Canadian context. Journal of Pediatric Nursing, 49 (Nov-Dec), 51-59. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pedn.2019.08.015 

Sarmiento, C. & Reid,G.J. (2020). Re-Accessing community mental health services for children and adolescents. The Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research, 47 (1), 21-37. DOI 10.1007/s11414-019-09668-2 

Reid,G.J., Stewart S.L., Barwick M., Cunningham C., Carter J., Evans B., Leschied A., Neufeld R., St. Pierre J., Tobon J., Vingilis E., & Zaric G. (2021) Exploring patterns of service utilization within children’s mental health agencies. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 30, 556-574. DOI  10.1007/s10826-020-01859-2 

Schraeder, K.E. Barwick,M. Cairney,J., Carter, J., Neufeld,R.W.J., St. Pierre,J., Stewart,S.L., Tobon,J., Vingilis,E., Zaric,G. & Reid,G.J. (2021) Re-accessing mental health care after age 18: A longitudinal cohort study of youth involved with community-based child and youth mental health agencies in Ontario. Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry; 30(1): 12–24. PMID: 33552169; PMCID: PMC78375272)  

Reid,G.J., Brown, J.B., Mowat, S. (2021) Caring for children and youth with ongoing mental health problems: Perspectives of family physicians, nurse practitioners, social workers and psychologists in primary health care. Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health. 39 (3).  doi:10.7870/cjcmh-2020-024

2) PEDIATRIC SLEEP PROBLEMS
2A) Parenting, Outcomes and Predictors

Turnbull, K., Reid,G.J., & Morton, J.B. (2013). Behavioral sleep problems and their potential impact on developing executive function in children. Sleep, 36 (7), 1077-1084.  http://dx.doi.org/10.5665/sleep.2814

Corkum, P., Weiss, S., Hall, W., Brown, C., Chambers, C., Constantin, E., Godbout, R., Hanlon-Dearman, A., Ipsiroglu, O., Reid,G.J., Shea, S., Smith, I. M., Stremler, R., & Witmans, M. (2019). Assessment and treatment of pediatric behavioural sleep disorders in Canada. Sleep Medicine, 56 (Apr), 29-37. doi: 10.1016/j.sleep.2018.11.007 

Newton, A.T., Honaker, S.M., & Reid,G.J. (2020). Risk and protective factors and processes for child sleep problems among preschool and early school-aged children: A systematic review.  Sleep Medicine Reviews. 52 (101303) doi: 10.1016/j.smrv.2020.101303 

Nunes,S.; Campbell,M.K; Klar, N.; Reid,G.J. & Stranges, S. (2020) Relationships between sleep and internalizing problems in early adolescence: Results from Canadian National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth.  Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine Oct 11;139:110279. doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2020.110279. 

MacKenzie,N.E., Keys,E., Hall, W.A., Gruber, R., Smith, I.M., Constantin,E., Godbout,R., Stremler,R.,  Reid,G.J.,  Hanlon-Dearman, A., Brown, C.A., Shea, S., Weiss, S.K., Ipsiroglu, O., Witmans, M., Chambers, C.T., Andreou, P., Begum,E., & Corkum, P. (2021) Children’s sleep during COVID-19: How sleep influences surviving and thriving in families. Journal of Pediatric Psychology. DOI: 10.1093/jpepsy/jsab075 

Shetty, J., Newton, A.T., & Reid,G.J. (2021). Parenting practices, bedtime routines, and consistency: Associations with pediatric sleep problems.  Journal of Pediatric Psychology.  DOI: 10.1093/jpepsy/jsab072 

McKenzie, K., Comeau, J. Reid,G.J. (2022) Examining the interactive association of family- and neighborhood-level socioeconomic characteristics on children’s sleep beyond the associations of residency and neighborhood violence. Sleep Health

2B) Sleep Interventions

Tan-MacNeill, K.M., Smith, I.M., Jemcov, A., Keeler, L., Chorney, J.,  Johnson, S.,  Weiss, S.K., Ara Begum,E.,  Brown,C.B.,  Constantin,E.,  Godbout,R.,  Hanlon-Dearman,A.,  Ipsiroglu, O., Reid,G.J., Shea,S., & Corkum, P.V.  (2020) Barriers and facilitators to treating insomnia in children with autism spectrum disorder and other neurodevelopmental disorders: Parent and health care professional perspectives.  Research in Developmental Disabilities 107: 103792. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2020.103792 

Corkum, P.V.; Reid,G.J.; Hall, W.A.; Godbout, R.; Stremler, R.; Weiss, S.K.; Gruber,R.; Witmans, M.; Chambers, C.T.; Begum, E.A.; Andreou, P.; Rigney, G. (2018). Better Nights, Better Days: Improving Psychosocial Health Outcomes in Children with Behavioural Insomnia: Study Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial. J Med Internet Res, 26(7), e76. doi:10.2196/resprot.8348. 

Ali, A.; Rigney, G;  Weiss, S.K.; Brown, C.A.; Constantin, E.; Godbout, R.; Hanlon-Dearman, A.; Ipsiroglu, O.; Reid,G.J.; Shea, S.; Smith, I.M.; Van der Loos, M.; & Corkum, P. (2018). Optimizing an eHealth Insomnia Intervention for Children with Neurodevelopmental Disorders: A Delphi Study. Sleep Health, 4(2), 224-234. doi: 10.1016/j.sleh.2017.12.008 

Corkum, P.; Godbout, R.; Van Der Loos, M.; Hanlon-Dearman, A.; Shea, S.; Weiss, S.; Constantin, E.; Smith, I.; Ipsiroglu, O.; Brown, C.; Ali, N.; Rigney, G.; Reid,G.J. (2018). A systematic review to explore the feasibility of a behavioural sleep intervention for insomnia in children with neurodevelopmental disorders: A transdiagnostic approach. Sleep Medicine Review, 41, 244-254. doi:10.1016/j.smrv.2018.03.008 

Newton, A. T., Corkum, P. V., Blunden, S., & Reid,G.J. J. (2021). Influences on help-seeking decisions for pediatric insomnia: Why do and why don’t parents seek help? Journal of Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 26 (1): 207-221. DOI: 10.1177/1359104520963375


3) MEASUREMENT DEVELOPMENT
3A) ACCESS & USE OF MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES

Tobon, J.I., Reid,G.J., & Goffin, R.D. (2014). Continuity of care in children's mental health: Development of a measure. Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research 41 (5), 668-686. doi: 10.1007/s10488-013-0518-0. 

Reid,G.J., Stewart, S., Zaric, G.S., Carter, J., Neufeld, R.W.J., Tobon, J.I., Barwick, M., & Vingilis, E.R. (2015) Defining episodes of care in children’s mental health using administrative data.  Administration and Policy in Mental Health; 42 (6) 737-747. doi:10.1007/s10488-014-0609-6. 

Dossett, K.W. & Reid,G.J. (2020) Defining dropout from children’s mental health services A novel need-based definition. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 29, 2028-2038  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-019-01631-1 

3B) PEDIATRIC SLEEP

Coulombe, A., & Reid,G.J. (2014). What do preschool-aged children do when they wake at night: Towards an understanding of night-waking behaviors among community children. Behavioral Sleep Medicine, 11, 1-17. doi: 10.1080/15402002.2013.76452. 

Coulombe, A., & Reid,G.J.  (2014) How do mothers help their children sleep at night? Night-waking strategy use among mothers of preschool-aged children. Journal of Infant and Child Development, 23 (5), 494-517. doi: 10.1002/icd.1844. 

Reid,G.J., Newon,A.T., McKenzie,K.N.A., & Coulombe, J.A. (2022) Thoughts and affect experienced by parents of preschool- and school-aged children during night-waking interactions. Journal of Family Psychology, Advance online publication. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/fam0000897

 

Research

Research areas in the Reid Lab:

We have two main areas of research:

(1) Access and use of services for children and youth with mental health problems

(2) Pediatric sleep problems.

Within these two research areas, we have two cross-cutting themes: primary health care, and measure development.

1) ACCESSING AND SERVICE USE

About 1 in every 5 children, youth, and adults has a clinically significant psychosocial problem (i.e., problems in the areas of cognitive/academic, behavioural, emotional, psychological, or social functioning). However, over 80% of children with psychosocial problems do not receive treatment. Without treatment, about ½ of children continue to have problems years later.

a) Access to care.

This area of research focuses primarily on how families access and use mental health services for children or youth who have mental health problems. We have studied the process of how parents attempt to access mental health services for children (Shanley et al., 2008; Reid et al., 2011). In one study of families looking for mental health services for their children, we sought to a) identify where and why families were looking for help, and b) describe the treatment services parents were both offered and accepted.

Kyleigh Schraeder (M.Sc. 2012; Schraeder & Reid, 2015) conducted a study entitled “Why wait? The effects of waiting time on subsequent help-seeking among families looking for children’s mental health services”; using survival analysis, she examined how being placed on a waitlist at a children’s mental health agency alters the probability that families will contact another agency for help.

The role of family physicians in helping parents of children with psychosocial problems is also a focus in this line of studies (Reid et. al., 2011; Reid et al., 2021). Another project includes how individuals of all ages access care from family physicians (Reid et al., 2009, Freeman et al., 2013). 

For her MSc thesis, Thipiga Sivayoganathan conducted analyses of the Canadian Community Health Survey. Two manuscripts, currently under review, examined trends in mental health service use and providers accessed among youth and emerging adults in Canada from 2011 to 2016, and changes in the variables that were associated with accessing care. 

For her dissertation, Catalina Sarmiento conducted a series of studies on mental health walk-in clinics. We conducted a survey to understand how mental health walk-in clinics are being implemented in Ontario (Sarmiento & Reid, 2022). Two manuscripts currently under review used administrative data to examine accessing and re-accessing mental health walk-in clinics and the relationship between walk-in clinic use and other services. 

We are currently examining the issue of equity in child and youth mental health services (CYMHS). This CIHR-funded project is in collaboration with my Co-PI, Bill Gardner (CHEO). First, we are conducting as systematic review that aims to determine how equity in CYMHS is conceptualized and measured (Gardner et al., 2021). This project will also examine the geographical distribution of CYMHS and the extent to which there may be inequity in (a) spatial accessibility to services and (b) use of services. We are working closely with Jason Gilliland (Geography, U Western Ontario) on this project.

b) Patterns of Services Use & Transition to Adult Care

The natural history of psychopathology indicates many children will re-experience mental health problems. However, very little is known about service use over extended periods of time. Much of our recent work has focused on exploring and predicting the patterns of service use for children receiving specialized mental health care. We have conducted two studies that have found the same five patterns of service use characterize service over 4-5 periods in CYMHS agencies in Ontario (Reid et al., 2019; Reid et al., 2021). As part of this work we developed a definition of an episode of care (Reid et al., 2010) and also examined predictors of re-accessing care (Sarmiento & Reid, 2020).

We then expanded our understanding of patterns of service use in children’s mental health by linking these data with health care data. This allowed us to examine mental-health related visits within the health care sector (i.e., family physician, pediatric, psychiatrist visits) before, during, and after children receive specialized mental-health care in a community-based children’s centre.

Some youth who experience ongoing or recurrent mental health problems may require care during their young adult years. We (Schraeder & Reid, 2017) reviewed the developmental psychopathology and treatment response/outcome literature to better understand what youth will require adult mental health care. Further, we conducted a qualitative study to understand the perspectives of parents and youth (Schraeder, Brown, & Reid, 2018), CYMH clinicians (Schraeder, Brown, & Reid, 2019) and primary care physicians (Schraeder, Brown, & Reid, 2018) on issues related to transition to adult MH services. We also examined the prevalence and predictors of those youth with ongoing or recurrent mental health problems who go on to have mental-health related visits within the health care sector as young adults (Schraeder et al., 2021).


2) PEDIATRIC SLEEP PROBLEMS

a) Parenting, Outcomes, and Predictors of Sleep Problems

Sleep problems have been related to psychopathology among children and youth. We examined the relation between sleep and psychopathology in a number of studies. We examined the contribution of sleep problems to psychopathology in relation to known correlates of psychopathology such as parenting, family stress, and temperament (Reid et al., 2009; Coulombe et al., 2010, Coulombe et al., 2011).

We have also examined factors related to the children’s sleep problems. Adam Newton completed a systematic review for his PhD comprehensives that identified risk and protective factors and processes for child sleep problems among preschool and early school-aged children (Newton et al., 2020). A recent publication looked at parenting practices, bedtime routines, and consistency in relation to pediatric sleep problems (Shetty et al. 2021).

Kathryn Turnbull (Ph.D., 2021) led a study that examined the effects of brief sleep restriction and sleep fragmentation (analogous to night waking) on attention and working memory among preschool-age children. This experimental study of healthy children without sleep problems helps us better understand if sleep directly influences preschool children’s cognitive abilities and may help inform the definition of a clinically significant sleep problems in this age group. As a background for her dissertation, we reviewed the literature on behavioral sleep problems and their potential impact on developing executive function in children (Turnbull et al. 2013).

Recently Katarina McKenzie (McKenzie et al. 2022) examined the influence of family- and neighborhood-factors, and their interaction, on children’s sleep problems using data from the 2014 Ontario Child Health Study.

b) Napping among Preschool-age children

Most children cease napping between 2- and 5-years-old. But we know little about what predicts when children cease napping or the outcomes associated with when children cease napping. For his dissertation, Adam Newton led a series of studies examining these issues. Two studies involved analyses of the Canadian National Longitudinal Study of Children and Youth.  We then conducted a study using a stratified random sample of parents of children ages 1-5 from across Canada. Using these data, the psychometric properties of two new scales of parents’ nap beliefs were examined – The Parents’ Nap Beliefs Scale and the Reasons Children Nap Scale. Second, Latent Profile Analyses was used to classifying children into four distinct groups based on their nap behavior.  We are planning to examine longitudinal data to examine how nap and sleep patterns in these four groups change as children age, and what predictors changes in nap and sleep patterns.

The relation between napping and child outcomes is complex. Napping tends to be related to better outcomes, but only for those who nap daily. Further, napping when in childcare tends to result in bedtime/ sleep onset problems and poorer quality nighttime sleep. Thus, napping during childcare may have a negative impact on children’s nocturnal sleep and family functioning. These data may have implications for childcare organizations. More than half of Canadian preschool-age children are in childcare. We are developing studies that will examine issues such as: (1) What does the provincial and territorial childcare legislation in Canada say about sleep? (2) What are the current practices related to napping in childcare settings? (3) What are the relationships between napping in childcare and children’s night-time sleep patterns?

c) Sleep Interventions

We developed and tested a program called: Parenting Matters: Helping parents with young childrenThe target population is parents of young children (age 2-5 years) seen by
family physicians who have concernsParenting Matters Logo about their children's sleeping and bedtime behaviours, or discipline. Treatment consists of brief self-help booklets and support from a telephone coach. A variety of issues and questions will be examined in this line of research including the effects of early intervention for children with mild levels of behaviour problems, identifying factors that predict who will benefit from brief parenting interventions, primary care models for psychology, and ways of collaborating with family physicians. In a series of randomized clinical trials, over 550 parents were enrolled (Reid et al., 2013). 

With the support of a CIHR Sleep and Circadian Rhythms Team grant, entitled “Better Nights/Better Days: Improving Psychosocial Health Outcomes in Children with Behavioural Insomnia” we developed and evaluated web-based sleep interventions for children ages 1-10 years (Corkum et al, 2018). This research brings together an outstanding team of sleep researchers along with a number of important partners. For more information see the Better Nights, Better Days website. We have gone on to modify this intervention using a trans-diagnostic approach (Ali et al. 2018; Corkum et al., 2018) for use with parent of children with neurodevelopmental disorders (e.g., ADHD). 

Given the issues with lack of access to CYMH services we also felt it was important to understand how parents seek help for children with sleep problems. A recent paper looked at why parents do and do not parents seek help for pediatric sleep issues (Newton et al., 2021).

CROSS CUTTING THEMES

PRIMARY HEALTH CARE

The role of primary health care and in particular family physicians is part of our work in both access to care and pediatric sleep.  In terms of pediatric sleep problems, the Parenting Matters program was specifically designed for parents seen by family physicians.  A recent thesis by Adam Newton examined where parents of 1-10 years old would seek help when, or if, their child had a sleep problem. This project included seeking help in primary care.

Our work on access and use of services always includes the role of family physicians and primary health care. An earlier study (Reid et al., 2011) on help-seeking found, not surprisingly, that family physicians are the first professional that parents turn to when their child has a mental health problem. As noted above, we examined having access to a regular family physician for individuals of all ages (Reid et al., 2009). Studies on ongoing care needs for children and youth with mental health problems and the roll of family physicians (Schraeder et al., 2017). Our C3MH (Continuity of Care Scale for Children’s Mental Health) has modules that assess continuity between the children’s mental health and the medical/health sectors. Our current project on equity in children’s mental health services will examine access to mental health services of all kinds for children and youth, including care by psychologists and social workers in primary health care, and care provided by family physicians.


MEASUREMENT DEVELOPMENT
As part of our work in both access to care and in other pediatric research, we have developed a number of questionnaires. Below are listed projects within each of our two programs of research that have examined methodological issues or developed new measures.

ACCESS & USE OF CYMH SERVICES

Issues/Measure

Citation

How best to ask parents about their help-seeking contacts within the mental health system

Reid, G.J., Tobon, J.I., & Shanley, D.C. (2008). What is a mental health clinic?: How to ask parents about help-seeking contacts within the mental health system. Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research, 35(4), 241-249. doi: 10.1007/s10488-008-0165-z

C3MH (Continuity of Care Scale for Children’s Mental Health)

Tobon, J.I., Reid, G.J., & Goffin, R.D. (2014). Continuity of care in children's mental health: Development of a measure. Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research 41(5), 668-686. doi: 10.1007/s10488-013-0518-0

 

Parents’ illness representation and CYMH problems

Shanley, D.C., & Reid, G.J. (2015) The impact of parents’ illness representations on treatment acceptability for child mental health problems. Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders, 23(2), 115-127. DOI:10.1177/1063426614532832

 

Episodes of Care in CYMHS

Reid, G.J., Stewart, S., Zaric, G.S., Carter, J., Neufeld, R.W.J., Tobon, J.I., Barwick, M., & Vingilis, E.R. (2015) Defining episodes of care in children’s mental health using administrative data.  Administration and Policy in Mental Health; 42(6) 737-747. DOI 10.1007/s10488-014-0609-6

 

Defining drop out in CYMHS

Dossett, K.W. & Reid, G.J. (2020) Defining dropout from children’s mental health services A novel need-based definition. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 29, 2028-2038  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-019-01631-1


PEDIATRIC SLEEP

Issues/Measure

Citation

Night waking vignettes scale

Coulombe, A., & Reid, G.J. (2012). Agreement with night-waking strategies among community mothers of preschool-aged children. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 37(3), 319-28. doi: 10.1093/jpepsy/jsr099

 

Children's Night-waking Behavior Scale 

Coulombe, A., & Reid, G.J. (2014). What do preschool-aged children do when they wake at night: Towards an understanding of night-waking behaviors among community children. Behavioral Sleep Medicine, 11, 1-17. doi: 10.1080/15402002.2013.76452

 

Night‐waking Strategy Scale

Coulombe, A., & Reid, G.J.  (2014) How do mothers help their children sleep at night? Night-waking strategy use among mothers of preschool-aged children. Journal of Infant and Child Development, 23(5), 494-517. DOI: 10.1002/icd.1844

 

Parents’ Night-waking Thoughts and Affect Questionnaire

Reid, G.J., Newon,A.T., McKenzie,K.N.A., & Coulombe, J.A. (in press, 2021) Thoughts and affect experienced by parents of preschool- and school-aged children during night-waking interactions. Journal of Family Psychology.

Parents’ beliefs about napping

Newton, A. T. & Reid, G. J. (Under Review) Parents, Preschoolers, and Napping: The Development and Psychometric Properties of Two Nap Belief Scales in Two Independent Samples. Manuscript under review. 



INFORMATION FOR PROSPECTIVE STUDENTS

Graduate Students

Students applying for graduate school and wanting to join my lab should be interested in either of my two research programs: Pediatric Sleep or Access and Use of Health & Mental Services. Students should indicate which of the two research programs they are interested in their application. However, sometimes students accepted into to work with me do not decide until after they start the clinical program. 

For 2023-24 Academic year: Please note that I will be accepting applications for new graduate students but only those who are interested in conducting research in the area of pediatric sleep for the 2023 -24 academic year.  This is based on the new studies to be launched over the next couple of years.

Students may also be interested in the looking at the Centre for Studies in Family Medicine website that describes the work of the core researchers in the Department of Family Medicine. Students conducting research related to primary care may apply to TUTOR – PHC – our CIHR funding training program in primary care research. 

Finally, the Children’s Health Research Institute has various opportunities for students including studentships and travel awards, and students are eligible to be Co-PIs on grants.

Honors Students

We typically have at least one student per year completing his/her honors thesis research project in psychology under my supervision. Honors students should be interested in a research topic related to one of the above research programs.  It is common for honors students to be co-supervised by a graduate student. Please note selection of honors students for the upcoming academic year is done in the winter of preceding year. Students should follow the psychology department process for applying for honors supervisors.

CURRENT GRANTS AND PROJECTS

Reid GJ, Gardner W (Co-PI), Boyle M, Brown JB, Cairney J, Duncan L, Georgiades K, Gilliland J, Kurdyak P, Pajer K, Rayner J, Vingilis E (Collaborators: Hameed S, Hutton B, Nicholls S, Tithecott G). (07/2018 to 06/2022). Equity in Mental Health Care for Children and Youth. Canadian Institutes of Health Research Project Grant Program (# 398849). 

Kaufman, E. & Reid, G.J. (02/2020-01/2022) Transactions between adolescent sleep quality and borderline personality features in daily life, pre and post sleep intervention. Western University Strategic Support for CIHR - Open Competition. 

Reid, G. J. and Brown, J. B. (07/2020 to 06/2023). The Developmental Importance of Napping in Preschool Children: The Psychosocial Predictors and Late Preschool Correlates of Nap Transition Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council- Insight Grant. #435-2020-0842.

Gilliland, J. (PI), Spencer, T., Coen, S., Martin, G., Anderson, K., Reid,G.J., Seabrook,J. (11/2021-11/2022) QuaranTEENing: Understanding the Impacts of the COVID-19 Pandemic on the Mental Wellbeing and Health-Related, Social, and Environmental Behaviours of Teens.  Canadian Institutes of Health Research Operating Grant.

Pillai Riddell, R. (NPA); Co-PIs: McGrath, P., Ali, S., Crawford, A., Green, R., Majnemer, A., Newton, M., Orji, R., Wozney, L.; Co-Applicants: Belleville, G., Campbell-Yeo, M., Cappelli, M., Catherine, N., Chow, C., Corkum, P., Curran, J., Doan, Q., Graham, I., Hallstrom, I., Kristjansdottir, O., Lal, S., Lauzon, A., MacLean, C., Meier, S., Moretti, M., Mushquash, A., Mushquash, C., Rao, S., Reid, G., Stewart, S., Yakovenko, I., Zwicker, J.; Knowledge User Co-Applicants: Whitnall, J., Foxcroft, J., Lovegrove, A., Banos, A., Clovis, G., Lingley-Pottie, P., Sundar, P., Hatchette, J.  (2022/05-2027/04) DIVERT Mental Health: The Digital, Inclusive, Virtual, and Equitable Research Training in Mental Health Platform. CIHR Health Research Training Platform Grant 2022



Research Lab

Child Health Research Lab 2022-23

(Note: Most students and staff can be emailed by clicking on names)

Current Graduate Students

Name

Degree

Year

Research project
(click to access thesis documents)

Kim DossettKimberly Dossett

Ph.D. (Clinical Psychology)

(On leave)

Levels of service intensity in children’s mental health

M.Sc. (Clinical Psychology)

2016

Defining and predicting dropout from children’s mental health services: A novel need-based definition of dropout

Adam NewtonAdam Newton

Ph.D. (Clinical Psychology)

On residency

The developmental importance of napping in preschool children

 

M.Sc. (Clinical Psychology)

2017

Parental help-seeking for pediatric insomnia: Where, when, and why do parents seek help?

Catalina SarmientoCatalina Sarmiento Ph.D. (Clinical Psychology) On residency Walk-in mental health services for children and families
M.Sc. (Clinical Psychology) 2017 Predictors of re-accessing mental health services for children and youth
Katarina McKenzieKatarina McKenzie Ph.D. (Clinical Psychology) (in progress) To be determined
M.Sc. (Clinical Psychology) 2021 The relationship between neighbourhood-level and family-level factors and sleep problems

Thipiga SivayoganathanThipiga Sivayoganathan

Ph.D. (Clinical Psychology)

(in progress)

To be determined

M.Sc. (Clinical Psychology) 2021 Trends of mental health service use reported by youth and emerging adults in Canada
Grace Golden

M.Sc. (Clinical Psychology)

(in progress) To be determined
Taylor Meiorin

M.Sc. (Clinical Psychology)

(in progress) To be determined


Current Undergraduate Students

Name

Degree

Research project

Co-supervisor

Emma Clarke B.A. (Psych) To be determined NA

Current Staff

Lalima Jain

Project coordinator

Past Graduate Students

Name

Degree

Year

Research project

Current position & institution

Kathryn Turnbull

Ph.D (Clinical Psychology)

2021

Sleep Restriction in Children and Executive Function Performance

 

 

M.Sc. (Clinical Psychology)

2009

The relationship of parenting practices to positive child routines and their effects on bedtime resistance and night waking in young children

 

Aviva Blacher

M.Sc. (Clinical Psychology)

2019

Child and adolescent sleep disturbances and psychopathology in a mental health clinic sample

 

Kyleigh Schraeder

Ph.D. (Clinical Psychology)

2017

Transitioning from Children's Mental Health to Adult Care: Stakeholder Perspectives and Tracking Service Use into Adulthood

Psychologist, Alberta Children’s Hospital

Postdoctoral Fellow, Canadian Child Health Clinician Scientist Program (CCHCSP)

Alberta Children’s Hospital Research Institute (ACHRI)
Department of Pediatrics, Cumming School of Medicine
University of Calgary, AB

 

M.Sc. (Clinical Psychology)

2012

Why wait? The effects of waiting time on subsequent help-seeking among families looking for children’s mental health services

 

Isabel Correia

M.Clin.Sci. (Family Medicine)

2017

Evaluation of the Brazilian more doctors program (E. Vingilis co-supervisor)

 

Erin Shumlich

M.Sc. (Clinical Psychology)

2016

The relationship between executive dysfunction and criminality in a forensic psychiatric population
-(P. Hoaken – co-supervisor)

Ph.D. student, Western University

Christian Hahn

M.Sc. (Clinical Psychology)

2013

Multi-sector service use by children in contact with Ontario mental health agencies

PhD Student, Western University

Lemmese Al-Watban

M.Clin.Sci. (Family Medicine)

2013

Bio-Identical hormone therapy: Women’s Decision-Making Process and Family Doctors Views

Assistant Professor  
Department of Family & Community Medicine
King Saud University, Saudi Arabia

Juliana Tobon

Ph.D. (Clinical Psychology)

2013

Continuity of care in children’s mental health: Development of a measure

Psychologist, Youth Wellness Centre
St. Joseph’s Healthcare Hamilton

 

M.Sc. (Clinical Psychology)

2007

Children’s mental health services: Investigating factors related to help-seeking and agency involvement patterns

 

Aimee Coulombe

Ph.D. (Clinical Psychology)

2010

Parenting at midnight: Measuring parents’ thoughts and strategies to help young children sleep through the night

Psychologist Community Mental Health- Bedford/Sackville Branch
IWK Health Centre, Halifax NS

 

M.A. (Clinical Psychology)

2005

Sleep problems, fatigue, and psychopathology in a representative sample of Ontario children

 

Mor Barzel

Ph.D. (Clinical Psychology)

2008

Parenting children with diabetes: The relationship between coparenting and child adjustment

Pediatric Psychologist, Stollery Children's Hospital, Edmonton, Alberta (2008 - )

Dianne Shanley

Ph.D. (Clinical Psychology)

2008

Parents' conceptualization of child psychopathology: Development of a self-report measure

Director of Psychology Clinic/Lecturer, School of Psychology, Gold Coast Campus, Griffith University, Australia (2009-)

 

M.A. (Clinical Psychology)

 

What parents experience when seeking help for their children in the children’s mental health system

 

 

Past Undergraduate Students

Name

Degree

Year

Research project

Position & institution post-graduation

Chayanika Tyagi Hon B.Sc. 2022

Reactive co-sleeping in preschool-aged children and maternal stress
(co-supervisors Thipiga Sivayoganathan& Katarina McKenzie)

Kendra
Michano
Hon B.A. 2021

The association of maternal depression and anxiety symptoms with night-waking in preschool-aged children: the role of maternal vigilance (co-supervisors Thipiga Sivayoganathan& Katarina McKenzie)

Seamus Linton Hon B.A. 2021

The effect of childhood maltreatment on the utilization of mental health services (Adam Newton -Co-supervisor)

Claire Ponting B.A. 2021 Parasomnias as predictors of delayed sleep onset latency in children
(Adam Newton -Co-supervisor)
Seamus Linton B.A. 2021 The effect of childhood maltreatment on the utilization of mental health services
(Adam Newton -Co-supervisor)
Janavi Shetty   B.Sc. 2019 Relationship Between Parenting Practices, Bedtime Routines and Pediatric Sleep Problems
(Adam Newton -Co-supervisor)
Jasmine Chananna Hon B.A. (Psychology) 2018-19 Use of Mental Health Services by Ethnic Minority Children: Adam Newton (Co-supervisor)
Janavi Shetty Hon B.Sc. (Psychology) 2018-19 Relationship Between Parenting Practices, Bedtime Routines and Pediatric Sleep Problems: Adam Newton (Co-supervisor)
Cisse  Nakeyar Independent Study 2017 Refugee youth needs and best practices for resettlement integration: A systematic review

Allison Hoffman

Independent Study

2017-18

Patient expectations of health care services

 

Ying Min (Annie) Yang

B.Sc.

2017

Child, family, and service use predictors of community mental health treatment outcome (Kimberly Dossett & Catalina Sarmiento -primary supervisors)

M.Ed. Counselling program, U Western Ontario

Giulia A. Santin

B.Sc.

2017

Temperament as a moderator of the effect of sleep restriction on emotional reactivity in preschoolers

 

Rachel H. Silberberg

B.Sc.

2017

Sleep problems in children and adolescents with internalizing, externalizing and comorbid psychiatric problems

 

Amy E. Beaudry

B.Sc.

2016

Executive functions and aggression in forensic psychiatric inpatients: The role of inhibition (E. Shumlich, primary supervisor)

Lab Coordinator

ELSIR (Esses's lab), Western University; Project/Library Support for the Child and Parent Resource Institute, London.

Courtney R. Cadieux

B.Sc.

2016

Mindfulness and emotion regulation in the context of dialectical behaviour therapy: A forensic psychiatric population (M. Tomlinson, primary supervisor)

 

Samantha DeBellis

B.A.

2016

The relationship between recent aggression and static and dynamic measures of risk in
forensic psychiatric patients (M. Tomlinson, primary supervisor)

 

Melanie Wheatley

B.Sc.

2016

Predictors of intensity of children’s mental health service use

Research Assistant, Ministry of Children and Youth Services

Belal Zia

B.Sc.

2016

Examining the effects of mental disorder crime heuristics on juror decision making (E. Shumlich, primary supervisor)

M.A. student, Clinical Psychology, University of Manitoba

Oana Bucsea

B.A.

2015

Predictors of sleep improvement in children following a distance based treatment

Office Administrator, Sogge & Associates Psychology Private Practice); Research Assistant ADHD & Development Lab, University of Ottawa

Jessica Danilewitz

B.A.

2013

The relationship between emotion regulation and executive functioning after sleep restriction in healthy preschool children (K. Turnbull, co-supervisor)

Therapist, FLEX Psychology; Master’s in Counselling Psychology, Western University (2015-2017)

Hayley 
Mangotich

B.A.

2013

Risk behaviours and service use intensity in children’s mental health care (K. Schraeder, co-supervisor)

 

Kristin Maich

B.A.

2012

Temperament as a moderator of the effects of sleep disruption on children’s neurocognitive abilities (K. Turnbull, co-supervisor)

PhD, Clinical Psychology program, Ryerson University

Rachel Bengino

B.Sc.

2011

Help-Seeking for Child Sleep Disturbances

Associate, Thornton Grout Finnigan LLP; Law School, University of Western Ontario (2011-2014)

Jessica Lastuk

B.Sc.

2011

The Effect of Parenting Discrepancy Regarding Night-Waking Strategies on Depression.

Law School, York University (2012-2015)

Justine Dol

B.Sc.

2010

Changes in parenting as a predictor of severity of night-waking in 2-5 year olds over 6-months

Research Manager, Dr. Christine Chambers, Centre for Pediatric Pain Research; M.Sc. in Capacity Development and Extension, International Development Studies, University of Guelph

Kathleen Helmeczy

B.Sc.

2010

The effect of parenting discrepancy regarding night-waking strategies on depression.

 

Lyndsay Collard

B.Sc.

2009

Night waking and parenting stress among families with preschool-aged children: Socioeconomic status as a moderator (A. Coloumbe, primary supervisor)

 

Tannis Spencer

B.Sc.

2009

Problem severity and the use of children’s mental health services

Medical School, University of Calgary (2009-2013)

Courtney Cross

B.Sc.

2007

The Relationship of Birth Order to Frequency and Duration of Night Waking and Parents’ Use of Active Comforting (A. Coloumbe, primary supervisor)

Psy D Clinical Psychology program, Argosy University, California (2007-2011)

Anne Marie Polistuk

B.Sc.

2006

Understanding parent conceptualizations of child mental health problems: Exploring education and exposure to previous psychological interventions as correlates (D. Shanley, primary supervisor)

 

Kimberly Raghubar

B.Sc.

2006

Attention and impulsivity problems, sleep problems, fatigue, and child functioning: Tests of moderator and mediator models

Clinical Psychology Program: Applied Developmental Emphasis, University of Guelph (2006-2008)

Clinical Neuropsychology Program, University of Houston (2008-2013)

Alana Vernon

3rd Year Special Project

 2006

Sleep Problems, Fatigue, and Inattention/Impulsivity in 4-18 Year Old Children Seen at a Mental Health Clinic

PsyD Clinical Program, The Wright Institute in Berkeley, California (2007-2010)

Rachel Loewith

B.Sc.

2005

Early childhood sleep problems and psychopathology

Medical School, U of Ottawa (2005-2010)

Susan Battista

B.A.

2004

The effects of time frame on parent ratings of their young children's behaviour: Replication with a clinical sample

Clinical Psychology Program, Dalhousie University (2007-2012)

Debbie Semple

B.A.

2004

The effects of time frame on parent ratings of their young children's behaviour: Replication with a clinical sample

M.A., Clinical Psychology, University of Calgary (2008)

Erin Ross

B.A.

2003

The effects of different reference periods on parents' ratings of their young children's behaviour

Clinical psychology, The University of Western Ontario (2005-2012)

Tovah Yanover

B.A.

2003

The effects of time frame on parent ratings of their young children's behaviour

Ph.D. Program, Clinical Psychology, University of South Florida (2003-2008)

Laura Friedlander

B.Sc.

2002

The effects of perceived social support from family and friends on adjustment to university

Ph.D. Program, Clinical Psychology, York University (2002-2009)

Naomi Shupak

B.Sc.

2002

The effects of self-esteem on adjustment to university

M.Sc., Physiology, UWO (2002-2004), Medical school, University of Toronto (2004- )

Laurie David

B.Sc.

2001

Perceived Barriers to Exercise among Young Adults with Congenital Heart Defects

M.Ed., Counseling, University of Toronto (2002-2004)

Katherine Zavitz

B.Sc.

2001

Perceived Barriers to Exercise among Young Adults with Congenital Heart Defects

M.A. Social Justice, Brock University (2002-2004)